Learn the basics of how to crochet, starting at the very beginning. If you’re brand new to crochet, the vast array of available hooks, yarns, stitches, and patterns, including for afghans, can seem overwhelming. What should a beginner learn first? Which hooks and yarns should you use? When there are so many options, how do you know where to start? Let’s explore the possibilities.

Watch Now: 4 Handy Beginner Crochet Stitches

  • 01of 12

    Introduction to Crochet Supplies

    Mollie Johanson

    You don’t need many supplies to get started with crochet. The basics include:

    • A crochet hook​
    • Some fiber–usually, yarn or crochet thread, although there are other possibilities​
    • Scissors

    That’s it! Those are the basic supplies you need to get started.

    Yarn Recommendations for Beginners

    If you’ve never crocheted before, and you have no clue what yarn you should buy for working your first crochet stitches, these suggestions will help.

  • 02of 12

    How to Hold a Crochet Hook

    Mollie Johanson

    There are several different ways you could hold your crochet hook. One way is pictured at left, but you’ll want to learn about your other options too. This article is important for both left and right-handed crocheters.

  • 03of 12

    How to Make a Slip Knot for Crochet

    Mollie Johanson

    A slip knot is one of the very first things you need to know to get started with crocheting. You might already know how to make a slip knot; if you don’t, this tutorial will help.

  • 04of 12

    How to Crochet a Chain Stitch

    Mollie Johanson

    Beginning crocheters usually start out by learning the chain stitch first. The chain stitch is one of the most important basic crochet stitches you’ll need to know; chain stitches form the foundation of most crochet projects.

    Enjoy these resources for learning the chain stitch:

    • Chain stitch tutorial with photos

    Crochet Abbreviation for the Chain Stitch:

    In order to save space, certain words in a crochet pattern are usually abbreviated. The abbreviation for the chain stitch is “ch,” or sometimes “chs” for the plural form. You’ll usually see “ch” followed by a number — for example, ch 135; this would mean that you should crochet 135 chain stitches.

  • 05of 12

    How to Single Crochet

    Mollie Johanson

    After you’ve learned the chain stitch, you’ll want to learn the other basic crochet stitches. Single crochet stitch is one of these; it is an essential stitch to know.

    We’ve posted several resources which will help you get comfortable with the single crochet stitch:

    • My step-by-step single crochet stitch tutorial with photos
    • List of single crochet stitch variations

    Single Crochet Abbreviation

    The abbreviation for the single crochet stitch is sc. So, every time you see this abbreviation appear in your crochet pattern, remember that it means you’re supposed to work the specified number of single crochet stitches.

  • 06of 12

    Free Patterns for Practicing Your Single Crochet Stitch

    Mollie Johanson
    • Fast easy crochet baby blanket for beginners
    • Crochet face scrubbies: This pattern will help you practice multiple stitches: single crochet, chain stitch, slip stitch, and half double crochet.
    • Beginner’s single crochet scarf pattern: This is a unisex scarf in a simple, basic style. The pattern is written without abbreviations; it includes complete explanations covering all the important details. (Pictured at far left)
    • Simple crochet accessories: This is a group of several different accessories–a scarf,headband,fingerless gloves and beanie–that are crocheted using only single crochet and chain stitches. The beanie also uses a slip stitch. These are all beginner-friendly crochet patterns. (Pictured at near left)
    • Free crochet pattern for an easy baby afghan square
    • Team spirit hat pattern: To work this pattern, you’ll need to know how to change colors in single crochet stitch and how to work back loop single crochet stitch.
  • 07of 12

    Learn the Double Crochet Stitch

    Mollie Johanson

    Double crochet stitch is an important stitch to know. It is one of essential basic crochet stitches.

    Here are some resources for learning how to work double crochet stitch:

    • Double crochet stitch tutorial with pictures
    • List of double crochet stitch variations

    Double Crochet Abbreviation

    The abbreviation for the double crochet stitch is “dc.” If this abbreviation appears in your crochet pattern, you’ll know that it means you’re supposed to work the specified number of double crochet stitches.

  • 08of 12

    Free Crochet Patterns for Practicing Your Double Crochet Stitch

    Kathryn Vercillo
    • Granny square crochet pattern and photo tutorial
    • Find more easy crochet patterns for beginners
  • 09of 12

    Learn How to Make a Slip Stitch

    Mollie Johanson

    Slip stitches are very easy to learn, and they come in handy too. They serve multiple purposes:

    • When you’re crocheting in rounds, you’ll use them to join the beginning of the round to the end of the round.
    • Use them as a design element when you need a stitch that adds a negligible amount of height to the design. If a single crochet stitch is too tall, a slip stitch is probably just what you need.
    • You can use slip stitches as decorative elements on the surface of a crocheted piece. To see examples and learn this technique, check out my slip stitches in surface crochet tutorial.
    • You can work slip stitches in rows or rounds as you would with any other crochet stitch. See the classic menswear stitch pattern for an example of slip stitches worked in rows.
  • 10of 12

    Learn More Basic Crochet Stitches

    Mollie Johanson
    • Half double crochet stitch
    • Treble crochet stitch
    • Tunisian crochet stitches
  • 11of 12

    Crochet Tutorials

    Mollie Johanson

    These finishing techniques are an important part of crocheting.

  • 12of 12

    Learning How to Crochet Left-Handed

    Michael Solovay

    We’ve published several different resources to help left-handed people learn how to crochet.

    • Learn how to crochet left-handed. Find links to free videos and more resources that will help.
    • What are the best books for learning left-handed crochet?